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A Healthier Future for West Virginia - Healthy People 2010
Federal 2010 Initiative
19 - Nutrition and Overweight
Nutrition is essential for sustenance, growth and development, health and well-being. At the same time, nutritional factors contribute substantially to the burden of preventable illness and premature death in the United States and to the nation's economic burden. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), dietary factors are associated with 4 of the 10 leading causes of death: coronary heart disease, some types of cancer, stroke, and Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Estimated medical costs to society in medical charges (medical costs and lost productivity) of over $200 billion each year are a result of these health conditions. Glanz et al. state that good nutrition can reduce some of these costs and consequences in the short run and can affect others through population-wide declines in disease rates and in disease severity over the longer term.
The obesity epidemic has increased dramatically across the United States
Data Source: West Virginia Bureau for Public Health (WVBPH), Office of Epidemiology and Health Promotion (OEHP), BRFSS
Data Source: WVBPH, OEHP, BRFSS
Data Source: Statewide Diet and Physical Activity Survey, West Virginia University (WVU) Department of Community Medicine, Division of Exercise Physiology
Data Source: Statewide Diet and Physical Activity Survey, WVU Department of Community Medicine, Division of Exercise Physiology.
Data Sources: USDA Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Hunger (per state) Survey; WVBPH, OEHP, BRFSS
Data Source: Youth Statewide Diet and Physical Activity Survey, WVU Department of Community Medicine, Division of Exercise Physiology.
Data Source: Youth Statewide Diet and Physical Activity Survey, WVU Department of Community Medicine, Division of Exercise Physiology
Data Sources: Dr. Bill Neal's CARDIAC PROJECT, WVU School of Medicine; Youth Statewide Diet and Physical Activity Survey, WVU Department of Community Medicine, Division of Exercise Physiology
Data Source: WV Department of Education, Instructional Goals and Objectives
Meeting the Objectives
Health Promotion Channels for Achieving Objectives:
The West Virginia Nutrition and Chronic Disease Coalition (WVNCDC) was established in 1993 to address nutrition behaviors and the Healthy People 2000 nutrition objectives. The WVNCDC's mission is the promotion of healthy nutrition behaviors to prevent nutrition-related diseases among West Virginians. Since its inception, the WVNCDC has been involved in efforts to promote healthy nutrition behaviors such as cooking schools, the National Cancer Institute's "Pick 5" program in elementary schools, and sponsorship of nutrition speakers at various health promotion conferences.
In July of 1999, the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health received cardiovascular health core capacity grant funding from the CDC to address policy and environmental strategies for nutrition and physical activity, as well as culturally appropriate strategies for promoting health and preventing disease in the minority population. Through this grant funding, an inventory of policies will be conducted to assess what interventions would be most appropriate to pursue. Policies to be assessed include the following: requirements for heart-healthy food and beverage choices in vending machines at worksites; requirements to promote heart-healthy food and beverage choices in the school environment that compete with school meals; requirements for employers to provide and/or subsidize heart-healthy food and beverage choices during work-related meetings and functions; requirements for managed care organizations to include the American Heart Association's Guide on Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases as part of their primary health care services for participants.
Glanz et al. state that policy and environmental strategies influencing the availability of healthy foods, access to information for making healthy food choices, and the accessibility, consistency, and attractiveness of nutrition education experiences can promote healthy eating behaviors throughout our population. The West Virginia Nutrition and Chronic Disease Coalition will take the leadership in shaping policy and environmental strategies in the area of nutrition for a healthier West Virginia.
The following list includes some of the organizations that will be leading the initiatives to reach the 2010 objectives:
WV Nutrition and Chronic Disease Coalition
Agencies represented on the West Virginia Nutrition and Chronic Disease Coalition (WVNCDC) include:
WV Coalition of Food and Nutrition
Working Group Members
Karen Wheeler, MS, RD, LD, Work Group Leader, Nutrition Manager,
Division of Health Promotion, WVBPH
Frazao E. "The American diet: a costly problem." Food Review 19 (January-April 1996):2-6.
Glanz K et al. "Environmental and policy approaches to cardiovascular disease prevention through nutrition: opportunities for state and local action." Health Education Quarterly 22, no.4 (1995): 514.
Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium and Fluoride. Washington DC: National Academy Press, 1997.
National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). "Report of Final Mortality Statistics, 1995." Monthly Vital Statistics Report 45, no.11 (12 June 1997): supplement 2.
Roper W et al. "Priorities in prevention excess weight and obesity epidemic." Partnership for Prevention. June 2000: www.prevent.org.
Wolf AM and Colditz GA. "Current estimates of the economic cost of obesity in the United States." Obesity Research 6, no.2 (1998): 97-106.
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This page was last updated June 27, 2001.