Seizure Disorder

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More than two million Americans have seizure disorders. A seizure is the outward sign of sudden, brief change in the electrical balance of the brain. A single seizure can have many causes, such as a high fever, lack of oxygen or poisoning. Seizures that occur more than once, without a special cause, are called a seizure disorder, also known as epilepsy.

Seizures last from a few seconds to a few minutes. Symptoms can range from mild to severe, and can include
Episodes of blank staring
Muscle spasms
Loss of consciousness

A person can have a seizure at any time during his or her life. If epilepsy - that is, a continuing tendency to have seizures - is diagnosed, the usual treatment is regular medication. Other possibilities are surgery, a special diet, or vagus nerve stimulation (VNS).

Seizure Disorder or epilepsy is a chronic and/or lifelong condition. However, 85 % of people with epilepsy can achieve good control of their seizures and lead successful lives.

See also: Epilepsy

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