Source Water Assessment and Wellhead Protection Program

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Source Water Protection (SWP) Senate Bill 373

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           West Virginia Department of Health & Human Resources logo
TABLE 1. COMMON SOURCES OF GROUND WATER CONTAMINATION *
Category Contaminant Source
Agricultural
  • Animal burial areas
  • Animal feedlots
  • Fertilizer storage/use
  • Irrigation sites
  • Manure spreading areas/pits
  • Pesticide storage/use
Commercial
Industrial
  • Petroleum production/ storage
  • Pipelines
  • Septage lagoons and sludge
  • Storage tanks
  • Toxic and hazardous spills
  • Wells (operating/ abandoned)
  • Wood preserving facilities
Residential
Other
  • Hazardous waste landfills
  • Municipal incinerators
  • Municipal landfills
  • Municipal sewer lines
  • Open burning sites
  • Recycling/ reduction facilities
  • Road deicing operations
  • Road maintenance depots
  • Storm water drains/ basins
  • Transfer stations


Note: This table is a part of the U.S. EPA document (Protecting Local Ground-Water Supplies Through Wellhead Protection -- EPA 570/9-91-007) from which it is linked. The links within the table go to a separate page that describes the specific hazards associated with the items. This separate page is not a part of the EPA document and was taken from various other sources, including the EPA report "A Guide to Wellhead Protection" (Report Number 457/458).

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