Engineering Division provides administrative, engineering, and other
regulatory/oversight services to promote the development and improve
public health relating to environmental exposures. The major components
of the Division include:
Management Program - Federal and state laws, rules, regulations,
and policies relating to the environment and human health are constantly
changing and becoming more complex. This component assures that
these requirements are continuously monitored, reviewed, adopted,
and communicated to the staff, public, local health departments,
regulated community, and others. The overall goal is to assure regulatory
compliance in the least restrictive possible manner.
Review and Permitting - The division reviews all proposed
plans and specifications for public water supplies, public swimming
pools, animal and fish waste disposal facilities, and waste water
systems to assure that proposed projects are designed in accordance
with design standards and will perform as needed to provide adequate
public health protection and service. Approximately 500 technical
reviews are performed each year with about 275 approvals issued.
Inspection Program - Primarily done through the district
offices, utility construction inspections are routinely conducted
to assure compliance with permits and design standards.
Survey Program - The district office engineering and sanitary
staff routinely conduct sanitary surveys of all public drinking
water systems throughout the state. These are detailed engineering
and regulatory on-site reviews of each system to assure compliance
with the latest federal and state requirements for drinking water
Management and Compliance Program - Approximately 40,000
monitoring and operational reports from more than 2000 public water
supply systems. Each system is evaluated for more for more than
200 different contaminants and treatment techniques. Each of the
reports is reviewed to determine compliance with the requirements
of the state's Public Water Systems Regulations. Routine reports
of drinking water quality violations are submitted to the United
States Environmental Agency and public notification requirements
are sent to the utility so customers are kept informed.
Program - Public water and waste water utilities that repeatedly
fail to monitor and correct violations are targeted for administrative
enforcement (see Reports, Administrative
Orders) that may include court action. Significant non compliers
(systems that have been in non compliance for four months or more
in the past year) are targeted for enforcement action. Tools to
protect public health include treatment notifications, boil water
advisories, and public notifications. Approximately 80 boil water
advisories are issued each year to protect public health. The division
prepares an annual compliance report (see
Reports, Compliance Report) detailing monitoring and maximum
contaminant level violations for all 2000 public water supplies
in the state.
and Certification Program - The division provides training
opportunities, tests and certifies water
treatment, waste water treatment operators, water
well drillers, and monitoring
well drillers. Approximately 5000 water treatment plant
operators, 3000 waste water plant operators and 300 monitoring well
drillers are licensed by the division. The division conducts numerous
short courses to provide training to operators wishing to become
certified or upgrade present certification to a higher classification.
Examinations are administered to on a quarterly basis to some 750
applicants yearly. (Certification applications are available in
the forms area). Training offerings and
presentations are provided to other agencies, organizations, engineers,
sanitarians, and local health departments.
Water Protection - Source water and well head protection
provides guidance and technical expertise to public water supply
systems in the areas of hydrogeology, engineering, geology, hydraulic
modeling and simulation, and hydraulic characteristics for the development
of protection programs designed to inventory, monitor, and manage
actual and potential sources of pollution and assess contaminants
that may adversely affect public water supply water sources.
Protection Program - This program is a component of
Source Water Protection. It's mission is to establish a zone of
protection around each water supply well to prevent unwanted contaminants
and pollutants from entry. The zones, or wellhead protection areas,
are established using complex technical procedures. Once delineated,
the areas are used by local authorities and governments to establish
wellhead protection programs for their water systems.
Program - GWUDI is a federal acronym for "Ground-Water
Under the Direct Influence of Surface Water." This program,
using on site data and technical evaluations, determines whether
or not a public water system using a ground water source (well)
is influenced by surface water. If so, the system must meet more
rigorous regulatory requirements.
- This program is designed to assure that the state's public water
systems have adequate and up-to-date capability in terms of physical
facilities and the technical, financial and management capacity
to properly operate and maintain them.
Development Program prepared a Draft Capacity Development Strategy
outlining how the Division proposes to implement this program.
Public input on the draft strategy was received from June 16, 2000
through July 21, 2000. Additionally, a public meeting was held on
July 14, 2000. Comments received and actions taken in response to those
comments are summarized in the
Capacity Development Strategy Comment and Response Log. Following
receipt and review of public comments, the final
Capacity Development Strategy was completed and submitted to the US Environmental Protection
Agency on August 4, 2000.
Water Treatment Revolving Fund - The fund capitalized by
the United States Environmental Protection Agency provides loans
for the funding of drinking water infrastructure projects needed
to achieve and maintain compliance with the federal Safe Drinking
Water Act and the states Public Water Systems Regulations. The Intended
Use Plan prepared each year details the intended use of funding
The Draft Intended User Plan
(for federal fiscal year 2001) is available for public review.
program is coordinated with other funding under the auspices of the
West Virginia Infrastructure and Jobs Development Council.
7, 2002 - FY2001
Comprehensive Funding/Project Priority List Summary (in PDF
Fluoridation Program - Provides oversight of fluoridation
programs currently provided 335 public water purveyors providing
fluoridated water to 1.2 million people. The program provides technical
assistance, operator training and certification, and monitoring
surveillance to assure that optimum fluoridation levels are maintained
to provide maximum dental benefit.
and Copper - Corrosion Control Program - Provides surveillance
to assure that public water supply systems conduct periodic monitoring
for possible lead and copper contamination. The program also provides
technical assistance to assist water plant operators in implementing
corrosion control programs. The program is responsible for enforcing
the ban on the use of lead pipe and solder in drinking water systems.
(View federal regulations from the EPA
Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water web site, Document
scroll to section 141.40)
Vending Machine Program - Reviews permit applications and
issues permits for the installation of drinking water vending machines
and conducts reviews of water monitoring results.
Connection and Backflow Prevention Program - Establishes
requirements for the prevention of cross connections and backflow
to prevent drinking water from being contaminated by such contaminants
coming from such sources as boiler feed water, fire sprinkler systems,
chemical and waste lines, and other toxic water system interconnections.
Also provides training and technical assistance to water systems,
local health departments, consulting engineers and others in the
establishment of cross connection programs and evaluation of various
hazards required to provide public health protection.
Planning and Preparedness Program - Provides technical professional
engineering expertise in assisting water and waste water utilities
and emergency service officials in preparing for emergencies of
various types. Also responds to emergency situations to provide
on site emergency assistance to help utilities restore service while
protecting public health. This program is coordinated with the state,
federal, and county emergency services offices.
Services Program - Provides detailed, on site assessments
of large, public water and wastewater systems and other environmental
facilities to evaluate compliance with regulatory requirements.
Detailed reports are developed to assist utilities in the development
of capital improvement, operation and maintenance programs to correct
deficiencies. Technical services also include health risk assessments,
regulatory guidance, and evaluations to determine the most feasible
alternatives for utilities to provide maximum public health protection.
- The program makes professional health risk assessments using vulnerability
and susceptibility analyses of possible public water supply system
source contaminants. Monitoring requirements may be reduced or waived
for contaminants that are not found and do not compromise human
health which results in reduced costs to the utility and ultimately
Disease Surveillance Program - Along with the medical and
epidemiological community, this program assists in preventing, regulating,
and reporting waterborne disease outbreaks. The source of such outbreaks
may be due to microbial, chemical, or radiological contaminants.
Information and Assistance Program - Provides the public
and others information and guidance regarding regulatory requirements,
agency oversight, health effects, health risks, and other topics.