|WV | DHHR | BPH | OEHP | HSC|
Smoking: Effects on Mothers and Babies in West Virginia
MATCHED BIRTH AND DEATH CERTIFICATE DATA. Infants of mothers who smoke are more likely to die in the first year of life. The infant mortality rate for babies of white mothers who smoke is 10.5 per 1,000 live births, 54% higher than the 6.8 rate for nonsmoking white mothers. For black and other races, the infant mortality rate for infants of mothers who smoke is 15.6 compared with 12.0 for those born to mothers who do not smoke, a 30% difference in rates.
Tobacco smoke may be a significant contributor to SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome. White infants of mothers who smoke are more than three times more likely to die of SIDS than are babies of mothers who do not smoke. Since many of these infants die during the postneonatal period, this implies that either smoking has latent effects or that the mother's continued smoking can affect the baby's health (5).
Cigarette smoking contributes to serious respiratory problems in infants. In addition, any environmental tobacco smoke in the home, car, restaurant, day care setting, or in the general environment may seriously damage the infant's developing respiratory system. Cigarette smoking mothers are more likely to be teenagers if they are white, to be over 30 if they are nonwhite, to be less educated, and to begin prenatal care later in pregnancy. Babies of smokers are more likely to be premature, to be low birth weight, to die in infancy, and to experience respiratory problems.
PRAMS DATA. In February 1993, PRAMS, the Pregnancy Risk Assessment
Monitoring System, started collecting data for research in defining and
exploring risk factors in infant mortality and low birth weight. Sample
data are collected by sending questionnaires to randomly selected mothers
of babies born within the past six months. In surveying mothers, a special
attempt is made to reach high-risk mothers.
If you have questions concerning the content of this page, please contact the Health Statistics Center at (304) 558-9100 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
This page was last updated 02/11/02.
|WV | DHHR | BPH | OEHP|